Gemipedia - A to Z


Vibrant Orange Variety of Garnet | Spessartite

Autumn foliage has the power to take the breath away and stop a man in his tracks for sheer veneration. The explosion of pigmented leaves, showing their last miracle of life through vibrant marigold, yam, and salamander hues, can be captured below the facet junctions of spessartite garnet. At its finest, Nigerian spessartite will give a splendid show as a vividly saturated, slightly reddish orange stone with medium, ranging to medium-dark tone. A gem with fire in its belly, the uncanny brilliance and vitreous luster of spessartite garnet leaves saffron-tinged memories dancing through your mind.


Spessartite is a species of the mineral group and gemstone garnet (Mn3Al2Si3O12). A singly refractive gem, spessartite's fashioning gives man a lovely showing of seasoned hues. Manganese within its chemical composition reacts with trace amounts of iron, catapulting its spectral demonstration into the spicy range. Dark brownish reds, yellowish oranges, and pure, bright orange create notes of cinnamon, mango, and electric pumpkin. Spessartite often forms in pegmatites and occasionally within metamorphic rocks. There, it may incur faint inclusions which give an exclusive spin to the patterns seen through its facets. Vivid spessartite that is free of inclusions demands a premium.


Discovery of the ember-like spessartite garnet was first recorded during the Victorian time period in Virginia. Spessartite retained years of soulful production before closing its doors in the early 1900's, halting new material from seeing the light of day and forcing the stone to re-acclimate to existence as a gem collector's underground favorite. Since then, new locations in Brazil, Namibia, Tanzania, Madagascar, India, Sri Lanka, and Nigeria have sparked supplies of spessartite, each hosting variations as eye-catching as crystallized gold.


Somewhere between a 7.0 – 7.5 on the Mohs scale of mineral hardness, spessartite and its sister garnets are a succulent choice for use in jewelry. January babies name garnet as their birthstone, while the Zodiac's Aquarius finds it to be a strong talisman. Spessartite gleans its name from the discovery of its mineral form, spessartine, in the Spessart region of Bavaria, Germany in the mid 1800’s. Commanding in its uniqueness, spessartite's natural hues and saturation mix grants it the privilege of being one of the few gemstones that is generally untreated.








Gem DNA :

Mn3Al2(SiO4)3 Manganese Aluminum Silicon Oxygen (Part of the Pyralspite Group)

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